Agroforestry is the intentional integration of trees and shrubs into crop and animal farming systems to create environmental, economic, and social benefits. Trees for the Future and Agroforestry organization (TFTFAO) has been involved in undertaking agroforestry techniques trainings aimed at equipping farmers with knowledge which can help them improve their livelihoods and sustainably use their lands.

Some of the agroforestry techniques trainings undertaken with farmers include; use of alley cropping , contours, wind breaks, live fences, woodlots  and hedgerows. Many farmers are currently undertaking these techniques on their farms and this has led to soil fertility improvement, replacement of chemical fertilizers with green fertilizers from leaves, countering strong winds through planting windbreaks trees, controlling soil erosion as well as securing their homes though through planting of live fences.


Silvo-pasture combines trees with livestock and their forages on one piece of land. The trees provide timber, fruit, or nuts as well as shade and shelter for livestock and their forages, reducing stress on the animals from the hot summer sun, cold winter winds, or a downpour.

Alley cropping

Alley cropping means planting crops between rows of trees to provide income while the trees mature. The system can be designed to produce fruits, vegetables, grains, flowers, herbs, bio-energy feedstocks, and more.

Forest farming

Forest farming operations grow food, herbal, botanical, or decorative crops under a forest canopy that is managed to provide ideal shade levels as well as other products. Forest farming is also called multi-story cropping increase livelihoods of the community members.


Windbreaks shelter crops, animals, buildings, and soil from wind. These areas can also support wildlife and provide another source of income such as fuelwood and timber. They are also called shelterbelts, hedgerows, or living snow fences.

TFTFAO supports community members to establish tree nurseries where various agroforestry tree species are raised and planted; some of the common agroforestry tree species includes; Grevillea robusta, Markhamia lutea, Spathodea companulata, Leucaena leucocephala, Sesbania sesban, Acrocarpus fraxinifolius and Jacaranda mimosifolia. All these provide fuelwood, timber, protect crops against strong winds, fix nitrogen and provide fodder leaves.